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Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
800-876-2893
541-549-2064
agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

INSTRUCTIONS FOR
SETTING UP AND OPERATING

International Harvester
FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTOR

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

No. 5 A Fertilizer distributor
Working widths: 7′, 8′ and 9′

SETTING UP. If the machine arrives with the wheels off, carefully grease the main axles and wheel sleeves before putting the wheels in place, and be sure to adjust the axle washers carefully. As the fertilizer box will be completely set up with nearly all the working mechanism in place, it will simply be necessary to attach the thills with braces as shown in Fig. 1 on the front page. Tighten all bolts thoroughly, see that all cups are filled with oil, and that all parts work freely.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

IMPORTANT. Move the adjusting lever “A” (see Fig. 2) up and down briskly a few times to determine whether the long pitman rods and feed plates slide freely.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

USE OF WET OR DAMP FERTILIZERS. The machine will give the best results when wet or damp fertilizer is not used, and when the fertilizer is free from hard lumps.

If wet or damp fertilizer is being distributed, however, the spacing plates (D) should be inserted as shown in Fig. 3.

NOTE: As most fertilizer mixtures absorb moisture very quickly, the following rules should be observed.

  1. The fertilizer should be stored in a dry place.
  2. Do not start too early in the morning or in damp weather.
  3. Do not place the sacks on wet ground but on a board.
  4. Do not keep fertilizer in a wet machine.
  5. Always clean the machine thoroughly after use.

ADJUSTMENT FOR ORDINARY QUANTITIES. This is simply and easily done by means of the adjusting lever “A” as shown in Fig. 2.

By setting the lever in one of the numbered notches of the indicator dial the distribution will be approximately in accordance with the following tables “A” and “B”, when dry fertilizer is distributed, with or without the special bottom.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

TABLE “A”. Indicating the approximate distribution quantities for 7′, 8′ and 9′ Fertilizer Distributors when special bottom is used. NOTE: When Special Fine Screens are used, the distribution quantities will be about 1/3 of the figures in the above table. See also “Use of excessively light running fertilizers.”

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

TABLE “B”. Indicating the approximate distribution quantities for 7′, 8′ and 9′ Fertilizer Distributors when special bottom is used. NOTE: The special bottom should only be used when desired quantities are not obtainable without it. To put in the special bottom raise the agitator-feeder and put the special bottom beneath it. Small quantities of Nitrate of Lime can be distributed by removing the agitator-feeder and placing wood plugs in slots in box ends.

TESTING FOR QUANTITY.

Because of the many varieties and mixtures of fertilizer, it is impossible to give complete tables listing them. It is, however, very easy to determine the distribution of any particular fertilizer by proceeding as follows. Put a cloth, or some large sheets of paper under the machine and turn the main driving wheel 57 times for 7′, 51 times for 8′ and 46 times for 9′ machine. Weigh the amount ejected which will indicate the amount distributed per one-tenth of an acre.

If the fertilizer is damp, due allowance must be made for the moisture content when reckoning the amount deposited.

DISTRIBUTING LIME.

Properly screened lime free from lumps can be distributed up to 1050 pounds per acre by placing the spacing plates on the locking bolts as shown in Fig. 3. (See “D”, spacing plates).

DISTRIBUTING SUPERPHOSPHATE.

When distributing superphosphate or similar fertilizer the two spring pressure rods (See “C”, Fig. 3) should always be in place as these will enable the agitator feeder to scrape the box bottom clean.

By pulling these rods upwards they can easily be removed when you desire to take out the agitator-feeder for cleaning.

USE OF EXCESSIVELY LIGHT RUNNING FERTILIZERS.

For distributing excessively light and dry fertilizers in small quantities, especially Saltpeter or Nitrate of Lime, it is necessary to use special fine screens.

These screens will be supplied on special order only and when they are used the distribution quantities will be about 1/3 of the figures shown in table “A” on page 4. If still smaller quantities are to be distributed, the agitator-feeder must be taken out and wood plugs inserted in the slots in the box ends to prevent the fertilizer from running out.

When not sowing or when driving from one field to another and when filling the hopper with saltpeter or other light running fertilizer, put the adjusting handle on “O”; the bottom in the hopper is then closed.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

USING THE FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTOR AS BROADCAST SEEDER.

The fertilizer distributor may be used as a broadcast seeder.

When used for this purpose it should be well cleaned and all fertilizer should be scraped from the bottoms.

Table “D” indicates the approximate quantities which can be sown when special bottom is used and table “E” indicates the quantities when this bottom is not used. These seeding tables are only reliable at a certain weight of the unit measure, and therefore the machine should be tested before starting. The test is made as follows: Put a cloth or some large sheets of pa- per under the machine. Turn the main driving wheel 57 times for 7′, 51 times for 8′ and 46 times for 9′ machine. Weigh the amount of grain ejected which equals the amount of one-tenth of an acre.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

COMBINED WINDSHIELD AND SCATTERING BOARDS.

This arrangement (which is supplied on special order only), will be found desirable in windy districts. It is also advantageous when distributing excessively light running fertilizers.

It should be attached to the front edge of lower bottom, as shown in Fig. 4

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

ONE HORSE HITCH.

Showing the thills with cross brace and singletree attached. (Regarding side braces see Figure 1).

TWO HORSE ATTACHMENT.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

AMMONIA ATTACHMENT.

This attachment will ensure an even distribution of sulphate of ammonia and other similar fertilizers which have a tendency to bridge in the box.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

Placing in the Box.

Unbolt the two hinged box braces “A” (Fig. 9 A). Interchange the two bolts “B” (Fig. 9 A) with the eye bolts 14513-G (Fig. 9 B) and fasten the attachment to them. Put on the hinged box braces and insert the spring pressure rods. See that the spring pressure rods are inserted in the draw bar connections “C” (Fig. 9 A) as the draw bar gives the fingers of the attachment their motion. Be sure that the hinged box braces are well tightened on the rear bolts before the machine is used.

The ammonia attachment should be taken out when cleaning the box and should not be used for fertilizers that can be satisfactorily distributed without it.

OILING.

Oiling should be frequently done and the oilcups carefully closed to exclude dust and fertilizer.

The oil cups for the drive mechanism of the agitator-feeder and the countershaft bearings must be filled several times a day.

Only use machine oil of good quality.

STORING.

Never store the machine without cleaning it thoroughly. Always store under cover in a dry place.

International Harvester Fertilizer Distributor

CLEANING.

The frequent and thorough cleaning of all fertilizer distributors is highly important due to the corrosive action of the fertilizers.

This is easily done before the fertilizer becomes dry and caked and it takes only a few minutes.

First of all remove agitator-feeder from the fertilizer box and clean the interior of the box thoroughly with a stiff brush.

THEN LOCK THE COVER and turn the machine upside down.

Unscrew the hand nuts and uncouple the pitmans from the feed plates by undoing the latches. Remove the lower bottom and the feed plates. Thoroughly clean the bottom and the various parts, which have been detached, with a stiff brush or a piece of wood. (See Fig. 10).

If the hand nuts are found difficult to unscrew use a wrench on the square neck. Do not use a hammer.

After replacing the feed plates and the lower bottom, and after tightening the hand nuts, turn the machine right side up.

To see that the pitmans and feed plates move freely, move the adjusting lever briskly up and down a few times.

Spotlight On: Crops & Soil

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Ginseng Culture

Ginseng Culture

U.S. Department of Agriculture Farmer’s Bulletin No. 1184 Issued 1921, Revised 1941 — The evident preference of the Chinese for the wild root and the unsatisfactory state of the general market for cultivated ginseng have caused grave doubts as to the future prospects of the industry. These doubts will probably be realized unless growers should strive for quality of product and not for quantity of production, as has been the all too common practice in the past.

Propagation by Means of Budding and Grafting

Propagation by Means of Budding and Grafting Part 2

by:
from issue:

Budding is the operation of applying a single bud, bearing little or no wood, to the surface of the living wood of the stock. The bud is applied directly to the cambium layer of the stock. It is commonly inserted under the bark of the stock, but in flute-budding a piece of bark is entirely removed, and the bud is used to cover the wound. There is every gradation between budding and grafting proper.

An Introduction To Farm Woodlands

The farm woodland is that portion of the farm which either never was cleared for tillage or pasture, or was later given back to woods growth. Thus it occupies land that never was considered suitable, or later proved unsuitable, for farm enterprises.

Onion Culture

Onion Culture

The essential requirements of a soil upon which to grow onions profitably are a high state of fertility, good mechanical condition, properties – that is, if it contains sufficient sand and humus to be easily worked, is retentive of moisture and fertilizers, and is capable of drainage – all other requirements can be met.

Cane Grinding

Cane Grinding: An Age-Old Georgia Tradition

by:
from issue:

Most sugar cane is processed in refineries to give us molasses, brown sugar, and various kinds of white sugar. However, some South Georgia farms that raise sugar cane still process it the old way to produce the special tasting sweetener for their own food. One such farm is the Rocking R Ranch in Kibbee, Georgia. It is owned by Charles and Patricia Roberts and their sons. The process they use has not changed in the past 100 years. This is how it is done.

Open-Pollinated Corn at Spruce Run Farm

Open-Pollinated Corn at Spruce Run Farm

by:
from issue:

The old way of selecting seed from open-pollinated corn involved selecting the best ears from the poorest ground. I have tried to select perfect ears based on the open-pollinated seed corn standards of the past. I learned these standards from old agricultural texts. The chosen ears of Reid’s average from 9 to 10.5 inches long and have smooth, well-formed grains in straight rows. I try to select ears with grains that extend to the end of the cob.

Low Tillage Radish Onions

Low Tillage Radish Onions

by:
from issue:

The radishes came up quick, filling the garden canopy completely that fall, and the following spring we found the plot was clean of weeds and rows of open holes were left where the radish roots had been growing. Well, we had a few extra onion plants that spring and decided to plant them in these holes, since we already had very clear lines laid out for us and a clean seedbed. What we got were the best looking onions that have ever come out of our gardens.

Barnyard Manure

Barnyard Manure

by:
from issue:

The amount of manure produced must be considered in planning a cropping system for a farm. If one wishes to manure one-fifth of the land every year with 10 tons per acre, there would have to be provided two tons per year for each acre of the farm. This would require about one cow or horse, or equivalent, for each six acres of land.

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Delay ridge building until early fall so that the cover crop on the ridge does not grow more than 12” tall before winter. The residues from a short cover crop will be much less challenging to cultivate than a tall stand of oats, especially if tangly field peas are mixed in. Waiting for the winterkilled cover crop residues to breakdown as long as possible before ridge-tilling in the spring will also make cultivation much easier until you gain familiarity with the system.

Wild Potatoes and Calcium

Wild potatoes bring increased calcium for better tubers.Have you ever cut into a potato to find a dark spot or hollow part? Early research shows that these defects are likely the result of calcium deficiencies in the potato — and that tuber calcium is genetically linked to tuber quality.

Cultivating Questions

Cultivating Questions: Concerning the Bioextensive Market Garden

One of our goals when we first started farming here was to develop the farm as a self-contained nutrient system. Unlike the almost complete recycling of nutrients which can take place on a livestock operation, we are always amazed – even a little disturbed – to see how many tons of fertility and organic matter leave the market garden each year with so little returned to the good earth.

Lost Apples

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The mindboggling agricultural plant and animal diversity, at the beginning of the twentieth century, should have been a treasure trove which mankind worked tirelessy to maintain. Such has not been the case. Alas, much has been lost, perhaps forever. Here are images and information on a handful of apple varieties from a valuable hundred year old text in our library.

Purslane, Portahoopies and Plow Planted Peas

Purslane, Portahoopies and Plow Planted Peas

For those not familiar with this tasty, nutritious weed, purslane can be a real challenge to manage in vegetable crops for a number of reasons. The seeds of this weed remain viable for many years in the garden, and generally do not germinate until hot weather — that is, after many of the market garden crops have already been planted. To make matters worse, this succulent plant often reroots after cultivation. Purslane also grows so close to the ground that it is impossible to control by mowing.

Asparagus in Holland

Asparagus in Holland

by:
from issue:

The asparagus culture in Holland is for the majority white asparagus, grown in ridges. This piece of land used to be the headland of the field. The soil was therefore compact, and a big tractor came with a spader, loosening the soil. After that I used the horse for the lighter harrowing and scuffle work to prevent soil compaction. This land lies high for Dutch standards and has a low ground water level, that is why asparagus can grow there, which can root 3 foot deep over the years.

An Introduction Into Plant Polyculture

An excerpt from What’s Wrong With My Fruit Garden
Companion Planting for Beginners

Small Farmer's Journal

Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
800-876-2893
541-549-2064
agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT