New Idea Manure Spreaders

Setting Up and Operating No. 10A

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Setting Up Instructions


  • 1 Bottom parts attached
  • 1 Pair Sides parts attached
  • 1 Upper Cylinder Bundle
  • 1 Lower Cylinder Bundle
  • 1 Distributer
  • 1 Sprocket Wheel Bundle
  • 1 Chain Conveyor
  • 1 Front Axle Bundle
  • 1 Rear Axle Bundle
  • 2 Bundle Shields
  • 1 Pole (or Tractor Hitch)
  • 1 Doubletree Bundle
  • 1 Feed and Drive Rod Bundle
  • 1 Bundle Chain and Levers
  • 1 Pair Flared Side Boards
  • 1 Endgate Bundle
  • 4 Steel Wheels or
  • 4 Cast Wheel Hubs and 4 Disc Wheels

Cut the wires on all of the various bundles that comprise the spreader and lay all of the parts out separately so they can be easily found when ready to bolt them in place.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Lay the bottom on a pair of trestles or boxes and remove the black paint from the end of the feed shaft that projects to the right of the bottom. Insert angle fittings in the feed shaft bearings. Lay the sides on the bottom and bolt the flared side boards “A”, Fig. 1 in place. Insert the angle feed bearings in the right side as shown “B”, Fig. 2. With this bearing in place bolt the side to the bottom starting at the rear feed shaft. Register the bolt holes with a punch if necessary and put all bolts in loose. Bolts will be found in the bag packed in the conveyor. Then bolt the right side brace “C”, Fig. 1 to the side and bottom. Now draw all of the side bolts and the bolts in the side brace up tight. Be sure that there are lock washers under all of the nuts. Now put on the left side in the same manner as described above for the right side except there is no feed shaft bearing. Make sure that the feed shaft turns freely after the sides have been bolted in place.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Bolt the angle arch and upper cylinder shields in place as shown Fig. 2. Bolts will be found in bag wired in conveyor bundle. The two longer bolts are for the point where the upper cylinder shields bolt on to the angle arch. Be sure that all bolts are drawn up tight and that there are lock washers under parts where metal is bolted against metal.

Remove the front bolts and loosen the rear bolts in each of the tie bars that hold the front axle forks together. The tie bars will then hang down.

Get the front axle and bolster assembly and oil all points of the steering mechanism and also put some oil or grease on the guide plates and front axle forks. Then put the front axle in place as shown in Fig. 1. Now get the front wheels and clean all paint out of the bore of the wheel as well as off of the front axle spindles. Force grease into the hub of the front wheels and then put the front wheels in place on the axles and put the take up washer and retaining pin in place. Be sure the hub caps are securely attached to the front wheels.

Bolt the front end gate in place and put the bolts in from the outside, putting the upper ones in first as that will register the bolt holes. Draw all bolts up tight. Then put on the seat iron, seat, oil can holder, and the tool box.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Lay the main axle under the spreader and insert the oil lines and fittings. When bolting the axle bearing clamp straps to the sides be sure to also attach the oil line support “A” Fig. 2A. Attach oil line lubrication brackets to sides and form oil lines as illustrated in Fig. 2A. Do not allow lines to project beyond side angles.

Be sure to cut the wires that hold the driving pawls in place during shipment on both the feed cam and sprocket wheel hub. Attach the rear axle to the spreader sides as shown in Fig. 2. Be sure the bolts that hold this rear axle in place are drawn up good and tight. Then bolt the large sprocket wheel to the hub on the left side of the spreader and make sure that the flanged portion of the wheel comes next to the flanged portion of the hub or the teeth will stand backward.

Now remove the trestles or boxes from under the bottom and set one under each end of the main axle.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Lay the conveyor in the bed as shown in Fig. 3 with part of the conveyor unrolled pointing to the feed wheels (rear). Keep unrolling the conveyor putting it squarely over the feed wheels and pulling it under the bottom and passing it under the axle until the end of the conveyor is near the front of the machine. Then run the other end of the conveyor between the bottom and the endgate and couple both ends together, driving the links with a hammer. Be sure the conveyor is in the machine so that the bars travel squarely over the feed wheels and not one side ahead of the other. Chain breakage is sure to be the result by running the bars askew. The conveyor should now appear as shown in Fig. 4 and not like Fig. 5 which is incorrect.

New Idea Manure Spreaders


The side near the feeding mechanism has been cut away to show the feed shaft at the feed wheels with the conveyor in the correct position. Note that the bar “C” has the wide portion “A” rearward or in the direction of the travel of the chain, thus pushing the manure rearward and toward the cylinder. This also gives the proper bracing to the riveting of the attachment links, preventing link breakage. A conveyor properly put in should never give any trouble.

New Idea Manure Spreaders


Here the bar “C” has the thin portion “B” rearward or in the direction of the travel of the chain. This gives no support to the rivets in the attachment links and is liable to cause them to break on a heavy pull.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Next attach the foot board and put the front conveyor idlers in place. Conveyor idlers are easily put in place if proper instructions are followed. Turn the conveyor so that the bars are about 6” from the front end of the bottom. Next take the conveyor idlers under the bottom and hook the sprocket into the end of the conveyor chain, raise it so the bracket is above the lip of the side sill, draw forward and bolt aside of the footboard support angle, (the bolts should be put in from the inside, that is the nuts should be on the outside of the machine). The conveyor idlers and foot board support angles are held in place by the same bolts. Bolt the front conveyor hold down irons or chain slides to the lower front side of the endgate. Fig. 3A. The purpose of these irons are to hold the conveyor down on to the front end of the bottom. Then bolt the conveyor slides in place under the center of the bottom.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Remove the bars from the upper cylinder assembly and bolt the upper cylinder to the angle arch as shown in Fig. 6. Be sure the bearing plates are bolted to the outside of the arch and that these plates fit squarely on the arch. Insert the 1/8 x 1 1/4 nipple and coupling with angle fitting in the left bearing. Now bolt the upper cylinder bars to the head. Be sure the bolts are drawn up tight and that there are lock washers under all of the bolt heads.

Remove the rear end angles and other parts from the rear end of the sides so as to open up the slots to receive the lower cylinder as shown in Fig. 6. Lay the cylinder assembly on the side sills, with the two sprocket wheels to the left and the distributer sprocket wheel to the right. Do not remove any of the sprocket wheels from the shaft. Insert the 1/8 x 2 nipple and coupling with angle fitting in the left bearing. Now remove the bolts in the bearing plates, then slide the cylinder in place, making sure that the bearing plates are on the outside of the sides. Now replace the parts previously removed from the sides and then bolt the main cylinder bearing plates in place, first putting all bolts in loose. After the bolts are in place then draw each one up tight.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Now turn the cylinder bars one at a time so that the teeth will stand outward. After turning the bars be sure to bolt it on the heads in the same place as it was before turning. Be sure that there are lock washers under each of the bolt heads. The finished assembly should now appear as shown in Fig. 7 and the bars on both upper and lower cylinder should stand in relations to each other as shown in Fig. 8.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Clean the end of the feed shaft carefully and insert the key in the shaft, (key will be found in a small bag in the conveyor). Clean all paint from the bore of ratchet wheel and put the ratchet wheel on the feed shaft hub first so that the hub comes next to the bearing in the sill of the machine. The washer for the feed shaft is to take up end play if any. Use it if needed, otherwise not.

Get the feed arm assembly and thoroughly clean all paint out of the bore of the feed arm casting and see that the oil hole is clear. Do not take any of the feed arm parts apart. Remove bolts from post of L-338 and start them in the sides from the inside of the bed so they protrude through the wood a little.

Put the feed arm on the feed shaft, oiling the shaft as it is put on and be sure that it works freely. Bolt ratchet post L-338 in place. Oil feed arm bearing through oiler and also oil roller on each side and spin the roller so oil works into the bearing, see Fig. 9.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Bolt the feed rod, feed lever and feed sector (feed lever goes on inside of sector) in place as shown in Fig. 10 and connect the feed rod to the feed arm. Now adjust the feed. Place the feed lever in the first notch of the sector and check to see if there is 1/4” clearance between the roller of the feed arm and the lobe of the feed cam. If there is not 1/4” clearance then adjust the set collar on the feed rod so as to get the desired results. The feed arm slide collar should slide freely on the feed rod. Be sure that the entire feed mechanism works freely in all respects.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Put the distributer in place with sprocket to the right, bolting the bearing plates to the rear side sills. The bearing plates are to go on the inside of the sill. See Figs. 9A and 9B. Be sure that there are lock washers under all of the nuts. Insert straight fittings in the bearings. Oil the upper cylinder, main cylinder and distributer bearings and turn all of these parts rapidly so that the oils works down into the bearings. Put on the distributer chain (43 links of No. 52 chain). The chain should be put on so that the open part of the link will be up and leading in the direction of travel, See Fig. 12. Now bolt all of the feed shields and distributer chain shields in place as shown in Fig. 10. When bolting the distributer chain shield in place, also attach the distributer chain tightener. Be sure to get the chain tightener on so that the lip of the slide is squarely underneath the side sill angle.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Now bolt the drive chain assembly, including the drive arm, auxiliary drive arm and chain straddler in place as shown in Fig. 11. Do not take any of the chain assembly apart as it is all properly assembled at the factory and is ready to bolt on. If chain is taken apart put it on the sprockets as illustrated in Figs. 11 and 13. Also attach the drive rod, drive lever and its sector. Then put the upper cylinder drive chain and its chain tightener in place. (41 No. 52 steel links). Drive chain should be put on in the same manner as the chain for the distributer. See Fig. 12 for the proper method of putting on this chain.

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Then bolt the drive chain shields in place as shown in Fig. 11.

Thoroughly clean all paint off both ends of the main axle and out of the rear wheel hubs. Be sure the oil holes are open and pack both the wheels with grease and put them in place on the axle but make sure that the wire that holds the driving pawls in place for shipment has been removed. If the machine is equipped with air tired wheels it will be necessary to bolt the disc wheel to the wheel hubs. Be sure to draw bolts up tight. If desired the disc wheels can be removed from the hub and used on other implements if the machine is equipped with the proper type hubs. Put on the axle collar and pins and spread the spring cotters.

Go over the entire machine carefully and make sure that all parts are correctly put together and that all bolts where necessary have lock washers and all nuts are drawn up tight. Hurried and careless setting up and a few minutes’ time saved has often caused considerable misery, dissatisfaction, trouble and expense to the user, dealer and manufacturer. Oil the machine generously and carefully and preferably run the machine empty so that the oil will work down into the bearings and lubricate every part. See that the main axle bearings are well lubricated before the machine goes into the field. Many bearings have been cut out because the machine was delivered with dry bearings. A new machine needs plenty of oil and checking to see that it reaches vital points. More machinery is ruined by careless wearing in of new bearings than by years of hard use afterwards. Oil the bearing seats and all minor moving parts.

The Correct Way to Put Sprocket Chains on The New Idea Spreader and the Reason Therefore

There is a great difference of opinion among implement men as to how the chains should be put on. In the majority of instances chains are run without any regard to rules or good engineering practice and the result is that chains and sprocket wheels wear unduly, chains break, power is wasted, and the user failing to check the chains with the instructions blames the manufacturer of the particular implement.

A variety of conditions come up in sprocket chain drives which require careful analysis and individual treatment; but in the average chain drives, especially where the driven wheel is small in diameter and the driver comparatively large, the conventional rule is: “Run drive chain with hook forward and slot to the outside, for conveyor and elevator chains bar forward and slot to the outside.” This rule applies to all the chains on the NEW IDEA No. 10A Spreader. On some other implements where the drive sprocket is smaller than the driven sprocket, the chain should be run with the bar of the link forward and the slot to the outside.

Now what is meant by saying: “Run drive chains with hooks forward and slot to the outside.” It means that where chains are used to transmit power from a larger driver to a small driven wheel, the hook or barrel end of each link should travel for- ward in the direction of travel of the chain. In this way the chain when it disengages the small wheel, which it does under strain, does not cause any rubbing with conse- quent wear on the links and teeth of the driven wheel; however, if the chain in this same drive is run with the bar forward it would have to leave the tooth of the driven wheel under full strain in rubbing contact, causing excessive wear on the chain links and also on the teeth of the driven sprocket. Thus in the chains driving the cylinders and distributer make sure that the links run Hook Forward in the direction of travel and slot to the outside.

What is meant by the rule—“Run Conveyor and Elevator Chains Bar Forward and slot to the outside.” Conveyors do not have driven wheels, only a driver; the wheels at the other end are idlers. So in this case apply the above rule and run the conveyor chain so that the links come Bar Forward in the direction of travel and slot to the outside. In this way the links disengage with rolling contact off of the driving feed sprocket wheels, thus giving ready release which is desirable especially since the feed wheels are frequently filled with particles of manure.

By applying these rules it will be found that the chains and conveyor will operate satisfactorily.


Very few chains running on implements are lubricated, yet when it is considered that these chains transmit all the power and since these chains are nothing but a series of joints bending around the different small sprocket wheels under strain, it would seem strange that so much care is put on lubricating bearings and none on the chains. A properly lubricated chain transmits the power with much less loss than a dry running chain and wears considerably longer. Complaints are sometimes made that chains run- ning in the open are susceptible to dust and grit if lubricated. This is not near as bad as generally imagined; however, it is better in such cases to use a lubricant that is not so susceptible to collect dust and grit, then to run chains dry. Put chains on correctly and then keep them properly lubricated with a suitable lubricant.

To get long life from a spreader conveyor it is good practice to occasionally clean it thoroughly and apply a lime solution and then slush oil on both the chain and bars. The lime acts as a neutralizer of the corrosive action of manure acids and the oil as a lubricant.


Read This Before Using A New Machine

Be sure to lubricate the axle bearings before the machine is ever moved. Give each axle bearing a very generous greasing.

Before using, take a pressure gun and force grease in all fittings. Also oil all such parts that move in any way. Put plenty of oil everywhere and break the machine in well. Preferably when greasing turn the machine by hand to work the grease down into the new dry bearings. Also oil the sprocket chains that drive the machinery and keep them oiled.

There are two small oil fittings one for each feed shaft bearing under the bottom, also one for the angle feed bearing. Use the grease gun on all three.

In ordinary usage the machine should be greased twice daily when machine is used all day. If used at intervals grease in proportion. Also give the minor working or moving parts including the chains a generous oiling frequently, so nothing runs dry.

Before starting to use a new machine it pays to go over it to see that it is properly set up and all bolts are tight and adjustments properly made.


Keep the end play out of both main wheels. If the feed arm does not lift up high enough, release the small set collar on the feed rod and push the set collar ahead a little, just enough so it gives the 1/4” clearance that the roller and cam should have when feed lever is in the first notch of sector.

If the drive chain does not lift up high enough to clear the teeth of the big sprocket wheel properly, adjust the collar on the drive rod, setting it so that the chain will lift up to the proper height. When in gear the spring tension on the drive rod should be adjusted to hold the drive arm down and the chain taut.


Next, proceed to load. There is no fixed method of loading. The best results are usually obtained by starting to load at the front end, especially in long straw manure. To get good results do not pile any manure into the cylinders. The height of the load depends upon the condition of the manure, the condition and nature of the field. In ordinary barnyard or stable manure a load loaded to pass under the rear arch, rounded on each side, will do a nice spreading job and will not overload the machine. Do not put on extra side boards. Be satisfied with the capacity of the machine and do not abuse it. Overloading will be the cause of loss of time sooner or later.


When ready to spread, stop the team and put the drive chain in gear, and set the feed lever to feed. We say, “Stop the team to put the drive chain in gear”— it takes but a moment to do it and prevents a severe jolt to the entire machine.

When about through spreading a load, a little manure stays in the bed. Shift into the heavy feed for the last rod or so, and slow down the team, this then cleans the bed. When the machine is empty, disengage the drive and then the feed. Make a practice of this so the feed will always be disengaged when the machine is empty, otherwise in driving to the field the next load will be forced into the cylinders and cause breakage of the key in the ratchet wheel, which is the safety. In that event, the ratchet wheel must be taken off and a new half moon key put in. This key will never shear off from ordinary use. The operator either forgot to disengage the feed, or the adjustment on the feed rod slipped and did not give the 1/4 to 5/16 clearance required. An extra key is furnished with every machine.


Chain tighteners should be set up when chains get too loose, but not too much. There is adjustment on the conveyor, but it should run loose. After considerable use it can be taken up. Tempered steel chain which will not stretch or wear much is used throughout.

The New Idea Spreader is made of good material and workmanship. Any part breaking or proving defective within thirty (30) days from the date of delivery to farmer purchaser will be replaced free of charge F.O.B. factory or branch, providing the broken or defective part is returned to factory, transportation charges prepaid, upon instructions from our nearest branch office.


Figures 14 and 15 clearly illustrate how the lime spreading attachment should be attached to the spreader. As will be noted the lime spreading attachment is driven by removing the upper cylinder chain and placing it in position for driving the attachment. When loading lime into the spreader the endboard should be placed in front of the tine rake. This is for the purpose of preventing lime from losing out of the rear when driving to the field. The figures on the endboard indicate the amount of lime that is in the spreader bed when it is loaded to a certain height. These figures are based on agricultural lime. When ready to spread the endboard should be removed and hung over the top of the side so the board is on the outside of the machine and then the feed lever should always be set in the first or second notch. The figures on the endboard will indicate the amount of lime that will be spread per acre when the lever is set in either the first or second notch.

To remove the lime spreading attachment take off the chain and remove the four bolts that fasten the disc assembly to the hangers. It is not necessary to remove the hangers as they will not interfere with the manure spreading. To remove the tine rake take out the bolts that fasten the tine rake to the sides and flare shields of the spreader together with the brackets that support the tine rake. Wire all of these brackets and supports together so that they will not be lost or mislayed.


Illustrations are self-explanatory, Figs. 16 and 17. It is necessary to drill two holes to attach the foot pedal latch and support angle to the foot board. Locate the foot pedal latch and angle support bearing by the one hole that will be found in the foot board and drill in the other two holes necessary in order to attach these two parts. Be sure the bent end of the latch is down and over the front edge of the foot board as shown. The brake can be tightened by loosening the bolt in clamp “A” and tightening the nut on the rod after which the clamp should again be tightened by the bolt. The position of the brake pedal can be adjusted by the collar “B” and the spring tension by the collar “C”.

See Fig. 18 for attaching brake to spreader equipped with air tired wheels. Be sure cast ring is in place as shown.


Remove the entire upper cylinder assembly from the machine as none of these parts are needed when the tail board attachment is installed.

Place the raising lever shaft with its gears and brackets in place and bolt the left bearing bracket to the angle iron arch. Then remove the hand lever with its ratchet and bearing plate from the raising shaft and strip the small flat brace (with bend to the outside) and the spacer washer on the raising shaft. Replace the bearing plate with the locking pawl on the shaft and bolt to offset brace. Replace hand lever and ratchet. Then bolt right bearing plate to arch. The finished assembly should appear as in Fig. 19.

Tail Board front raising lever is attached to the same place that the feed lever is attached; using the longer bolt which will be found with the attachment. The lever guide is attached to the same bolts that hold the lever sector in place. Hook the rod in the lever and plate, having the ratchet pawl so the long bend in the rod is toward the rear. Drill two holes in the flared side board of the spreader near the side angle and attach the rod guide as shown.

Remove the tail board tie pieces and strip the tail board over the arch and raising shaft so that the gear rack and tail board are in front of the raising shaft, (facing the seat). See that the gears are evenly placed in the rack so that the tail board works straight up and down and then replace the pieces.

Bolt filler pans to main cylinder so that the short side always lies against the cylinder bar using the same bolts that hold the cylinder bars in place. Then bolt the special beater furnished with the tail board attachment and its bracket to the underside of the spreader as shown in Figs. 20 and 21, put the drive chain in place. The same chain is used as is ordinarily used for driving the upper cylinder. Adjust the chain tightener for proper tension. The piece of belting furnished with the attachment should be bolted to the lower end of the front endgate.

New Idea Manure Spreaders


Take out the 9/16” pole pin at 2, Fig. 22 and replace with a 5/8” doubletree pin, to get rigidity into the pole connection. Use the 9/16” pin afterwards for a doubletree pin at 1.

Remove hammer strap and two horse hitch and attach three horse hitch by using the two holes by which the doubletree and hammer strap were attached. Ream out the 1/2” hole to which the hammer strap was bolted to a 5/8” hole.

The U strap goes under the pole. It is necessary that all four bolts are drawn up tightly as all have spacer bushings. This then holds the hitch securely to the pole.

Attach two horse doubletree to the three horse member, as shown at 1 and move the single-trees to the inner holes.

This put the two horses on the right side and the single horse on the left side of the pole. Attach the neckyoke in the first hole of the pole so that longest end is toward the single horse.

New Idea Manure Spreaders


A tractor hitch can be furnished where desired. When a tractor hitch is used the user must be careful in backing as the tractor is very likely to back the machine in an opposite direction from where it is wanted, causing damage to the steering mechanism or something on the front truck. This applies to other implements as well. See Fig. 23.


  • For Front Wheels 5.50 – 16 – 32 Pounds
  • For Rear Wheels 7.50 – 24 – 24 Pounds


Give the machine a thorough lubrication and be sure to find all of the grease fittings. Start at the left front wheel and proceed as follows:

New Idea Manure Spreaders

Give all the other moving parts as well as the chains a thorough lubrication with machine oil.

New Idea Manure Spreaders
New Idea Manure Spreaders


  • 1 In Clutch
  • 1 Chain tightener sprocket
  • 5 Main shaft bearings
  • 2 Vertical spindle bearings


  • 1 Right bearing for cylinder under bottom
  • 1 Left bearing for cylinder under bottom
  • 1 Chain tightener sprocket