Parlin & Orendorff Cultivators
Victor Junior Cultivators
The Victor Junior Cultivator is a combined Riding and Walking Cultivator and as such has no peer. It is one of the most reliable and best cultivators, and has been on the market so long that it is as well known as any implement of our manufacture.
The distinguishing feature of the Victor is the axle, which is in three sections, the ends telescoping into the center piece. When the tread of the cultivator is narrowed down, the axle does not project through the hubs of wheels and catch on the outside rows of cotton or corn. The gangs can be raised by the foot levers while turning at end of field or for other purposes.
When depressions in the ground are encountered, the gangs can be lowered by foot pressure, and when this pressure is removed the action of the compression springs brings the gangs back to their normal depth.
Has folding seat support which can be thrown forward when using the cultivator as a walker. The seat support is clamped to the axle by an adjustable bracket, permitting the seat to be adjusted to any height. When plowing in small corn, the seat is below the level of the axle, and in tall corn the bracket can be reversed, allowing the seat to be raised. The foot stirrups are also reversible and can be placed on top of beam when cultivating tall corn.
The handles are equipped with our improved coupling, permitting any kind of adjustment.
Victor Junior Pivot Tongue Cultivators
The steering lever on this implement is the same as used on our new Combined Balance Frame Cultivator, and is a very serviceable and positive attachment for dodging crooked rows of cotton or corn. The wheels are large and strong, of our own manufacture, and the arch, being high, gives good clearance.
The Victor Junior, either with or without the pivot tongue, equipped with a fifteen tooth gang as shown, makes a practical harrow out of this implement. The spring tooth attachment consists of one pair of twelve tooth gangs and a three tooth center attachment, making a fifteen tooth gang. When a thirteen tooth gang is required the two outer teeth can be taken off. For a twelve tooth gang the center attachment can be removed, and the two six tooth gangs drawn together. For a ten tooth gang the three shovel attachment and the two outer teeth can be removed.
The telescope axle, with extension, is used for these gangs, giving an extra wide tread. In this respect the frame differs from the regular Victor frame. When reducing the number of teeth the spools on the axle can be changed, permitting the wheels to be placed closer together.
Combined Balance Frame Cultivators
The Combined Balance Frame Cultivator is one of our latest and most improved Combined Riding and Walking Cultivators, and is becoming a universal favorite wherever a Combined Riding and Walking Cultivator is used.
It is a most excellent cultivator in every way, and in mechanical construction is perfect. The change from a rider to a walker is instantaneous, being made by throwing the seat forward and adjusting the side lever, the work of but a moment.
The seat support can be suspended from the under side of axle when cultivating small corn, giving this implement all the advantages of a hammock seat cultivator. The ratchet on the axle which supports the seat can be adjusted to set the seat at any desired height.
In cultivating tall corn, the seat support can be placed on upper side of axle. In this connection the foot stirrups, which are shown on under side of beam, and so used when plowing small corn, can be reversed and placed on upper side of beam when the seat is raised and tall corn is being cultivated.
The seat support is hinged back of the axle, and when it is desired to use the machine as a walker, the seat can be thrown forward out of the way.
One of the best features on this machine is the lever on the side, which is used for balancing the machine properly for a heavy or light operator, and for adjusting the frame when changing from a Riding to a Walking Cultivator.
The handles are equipped with what is practically a universal coupling, and they can be adjusted in any manner desired.
Combined Balance Frame Pivot Tongue Cultivators
This Pivot Tongue Cultivator has a steering lever for pivoting the frame while dodging crooked rows of corn. The handles on this lever can be thrown forward, when not in use, making the frame rigid. This pivotal adjustment is one which is very easily operated, and the machine responds instantly to the touch of the steering lever.
In general construction it is similar to the Combined Balance Frame Cultivator, with the addition of the pivot tongue attachment.
These Cultivators are made up of labor-saving devices, and we confidently recommend them to anyone wanting a first-class implement.
The Invincible was originally intended for a Riding Cultivator, but it can easily be converted into a Walking Cultivator by the addition of handles and the removal of the seat. It has a split tongue which connects the axle and arch, thoroughly bracing the machine. The shovels can be given any desired pitch for deep or shallow cultivation.
The foot rests can be used for throwing the gang out of the ground when turning corners, and, when foot pressure is removed, the gangs will immediately return to their proper depth. The wheels can be adjusted in or out by means of spools on the axle.
When converting from a rider to a walker, the frame can be adjusted to relieve neck draft on the horses, or the same adjustment will answer for a heavy or light driver.
The Parlin Cultivator represents our best medium priced walking cultivators, and when we say medium price, we do not mean to convey the idea that there is any element of cheapness in their construction. It is one of our oldest makes, and owing to the fact that it can be equipped with any style of gang, it is a very popular implement wherever used.
The spring action on these cultivators is one of the features which has helped to make the Parlin a favorite over other makes of cultivators. When plowing, the springs have but little tension on the gangs, but as the gangs are raised the tension on the springs increases until the gangs are almost suspended by the springs. A stronger tension can be secured by raising the spring support on the arch, or if less tension is desired, by lowering the hook on lower end of spring up or down in the holes of the arm which holds the front end of gangs. These adjustments, which are very simple, are all that is necessary to make this cultivator meet the requirements in any kind of soil.
The above cut illustrates the Parlin Planter with a four shovel gang and fifth shovel attached. A cultivator equipped in this manner is a first class implement for preparing the ground for putting in oats and plowing summer fallow.
Surface cultivation is becoming more popular each season. The Gopher gang attachment shown here meets every requirement for this class of work. The shovels merely cut below the surface of the ground, destroying the weeds and thoroughly cultivating the entire space between the rows, while the roots of the corn are not destroyed and the ground is left in much better condition to retain moisture. The shovels are adjustable and can be set in any position as required by different classes of work.
The Parlin Cultivator as equipped with Spring Trip Gangs. This favorite cultivator works equally well with any kind of a gang.
The King Cultivator is built somewhat on the line of the well-known Parlin series, and is made to fill a demand for a low-priced cultivator which is required for a general class of work. It is well constructed and very durable, the main feature of the low price being the few parts necessary to make it a success. As it can be equipped with nearly every style of gang, it is a cultivator which can be used in any section.
We are the originators of this style of cultivator. It has proven one of the best implements ever placed on the market, and the numerous imitations of it have attested its merits as an implement which finds a place on every farm where a cultivator possessing its peculiar features is necessary.
The distinguishing features of the Volunteer are the adjustable arch and the manner of attaching the lifting springs. The frame can be changed instantly for wide or narrow cultivation, by adjusting two set-screws on top of the arch. The brackets supporting the axles are telescoped by the cross bar on the arch, making the adjustment for width the simplest that could possibly be desired for this purpose.
The frame has a vibrating movement, and each horse must do its share of the work. The spring, which is one of the most essential features on a spring cultivator, is made of the best cast-steel wire, having a working strain of 8¼ inches, and so arranged that the tension can be increased or diminished with perfect ease. It is the only spring that will, under all conditions, assist the driver. It can be adjusted to hold the gangs up close to the rows, a necessary feature in small corn, or it can be adjusted to hold the gangs away from the corn rows. These results, accomplished only with our spring cultivators, are obtained in other cultivators only at the expense of muscular force. The lift springs are anchored from the eveners to the couplings on the gangs, which gives great rigidity to the frame. The breakoffs are the most perfect ever put on a cultivator, and are so made that they can be adjusted in any way, set at any angle, and cause the shovels to throw soil to either the right or left. We also furnish round breakoffs for any of our cultivators where that style of breakoffs are preferable.
It has been demonstrated at the agricultural experimental farms that by surface cultivation the increase in the yield of corn in dry seasons is from 15 to 25 per cent. This Cultivator, like those having the Gopher Gangs, is intended for surface work. The teeth are attached to two cross heads, and can be set in line or run zigzag, allowing work in any kind of soil without clogging.
This rear view of our Volunteer Cultivator shows the Jointed Beam Gang equipped with our No. 2 Spring Trips, making a good machine for work where obstructions may be encountered.
In response to calls in some sections for the Volunteer Cultivator with stationary instead of flexible arch, we have accomplished the change by putting on braces from tongue to evener. This does not in any way affect the adjustability of the arch in widening or narrowing the gangs to accommodate any width.
Clipper Senior Cultivator
The Clipper Senior Cultivator is an implement with a spring action made especially for use in sections where the ground is hard and dry. The frame in general resembles that used on our well-known Parlin Cultivator, the only radical change being in the movement of the springs. These springs are placed in such a position that the gangs can be depressed or forced into the ground when cultivating, and when out of the ground they are raised sufficiently high to hook to the frame without any apparent effort on the part of the driver. The Clipper is one of the best cultivators made anywhere for use in hard ground.
Clipper Junior Cultivators
This is a very substantial and very serviceable walking cultivator with an improved spring action. The spring lift consists of a single pair of springs and are arranged to answer three purposes: (1) The springs balance the gangs when in a plowing position, (2) they permit the wheel to be lowered into the dead furrows or depressions in the ground, and (3) they exert an upward pressure when gangs are being raised, allowing the gangs to be hooked without any apparent effort on the part of the operator.
Balance Frame Cultivators
In the construction of our Balance Frame Cultivators a different principle is employed than that used on other styles, in that the entire weight of the frame rests on a pivot bearing so far in advance of the axle as to require much less exertion to operate the gangs either laterally or vertically than those of any other cultivator, even when used with the best known spring attachment. The springs are perfectly balanced and a wide range of work is permitted, as almost any kind of gang can be attached to the frame. We confidently claim that the Balance Frame Cultivator is one of the very best in existence and has been universally successful everywhere. As the illustrations on this page show, this cultivator is a very simple affair, there being but a few parts, thus minimizing the chances of anything getting out of order.
Queen Tongueless Cultivator
This cultivator is made with high trussed arch, giving good clearance in cultivating tall corn. With a tongueless cultivator, and especially with the Queen, it is possible to cultivate to the end of the field and in the corners; a great advantage over a tongue cultivator in certain kinds of soil. The draft is light and there is no weight on the horses’ necks. As the gangs work independently on the frame, each horse must do its share of the work.
Tongueless Adjustable Cultivators
This is a very popular implement in sections where the tongueless cultivator is best suited to the soil, and wherever introduced has superseded other styles of tongueless cultivators. The arch is adjustable as to the width, and very high, allowing a good clearance for any desired work. The gangs are suspended from springs connected with the draft iron in front, and the easy movement allows them to be held close to, or from, the corn. The construction of these cultivators is similar to our Volunteer Cultivator series, a style which has been on the market so long as to scarcely need description.
Canton Tongueless Cultivators
The Canton Tongueless Cultivator is made with either steel or wood beams, the above illustration showing the frame equipped with wood beams. The shovels are fitted to throw the soil to the center, or the reverse, without any weight pressure, and the arch frame allows a flexibility of movement in the gangs so that they may be easily operated in rough or uneven ground. Like all our other walking cultivators we have made a special study of simplicity on this implement, it being constructed of the fewest possible parts to complete a first-class cultivator.
Advantage of Surface Cultivation
This view represents a five weeks’ growth of corn and how the ordinary shovels tear and destroy the surface roots which make the ears. On the left is shown the Spring Teeth cutting and pulverizing all the ground without disturbing the roots.
Intelligent farmers and practical agricultural writers have for a long time realized and advocated surface cultivation after the roots have spread out over the ground, but the difficulty has been to find a practical tool to carry it out.
The Canton Spring Tooth Cultivator overcomes all the difficulties experienced with other cultivators in surface cultivation.
Our cultivator can be adjusted, while the corn is small, to thoroughly pulverize the ground deep – to the bottom of the furrow – and when the corn roots are spread over the ground it can be run shallow, so as not to injure them, at the same time deep enough to break the crust that may have formed by the rains. The soil below being thoroughly pulverized, the corn roots spread all through. The whole surface between the corn rows is stirred, destroying all the weeds, while the roots are not disturbed, leaving a nice, even surface, instead of the deep furrows and ridges made by the large shovels and leaving the ground in better condition for seeding.