by J.C. Wooley and R.L. Rickets
Ag. Exten. Circular 471 July 1942
Missouri Sunlit Hog House
This is an east and west type of house lighted by windows in the south roof. Covers are made to place over windows at night to prevent excessive heat loss. A single stack ventilation system with distributed inlets provides ventilation. Floor may be of concrete or hollow tile. Pen partitions may be of wood or metal. This plan takes the place of the original Missouri sunlit house since many farmers had difficulty in building it.
Modified A Hog House
This may be built in either a single or a double unit.
Combination Roof Hog House
May be built single or double.
Nebraska Straw Loft Farrowing House
This is a north and south type of house. Wall windows on the east, south and west furnish light. The straw loft furnishes insulation, provides a place for storing bedding and the straw so stored aids in controlling humidity. Pens are removable so that the house can be used as a feeding floor. A single stack ventilation system is satisfactory for this house.
Self Feeder for Hogs
A well made hog trough will save much valuable feed during the course of a season. The trough should be built from seasoned material and then given a good coating of creosote or tar before it is used. Ends may be left long to prevent trough being overturned.
Material List for Trough 12 feet long
|1 2×8 16||Ends and narrow side||22 bd. ft.|
|1 2×10 12||Wide side||20 bd. ft.|
|1 2×2 16||Cross ties||5 1/2 bd. ft.|
|1 1?2 lbs.||16d spikes|
It is often necessary for show or breeding purposes to ship individual hogs. If such shipments are made by freight or express a crate is essential. If a single hog is to be transported by truck the crate will be a great convenience and will enable the owner to transport an animal with minimum loss due to injury.
The ends of the crate are made to slide up so that the animal may be crated or driven from the crate without difficulty. For extra heavy hogs the corners should be bound with strap iron to give additional strength. Express companies require that the sides of the crate be tight at the bottom so that the animal cannot get his feet through when lying down and thus be injured.
Size of Crate to Build
|Weight of Hog||Length of Crate||Width of Crate||Height of Crate|
|25 to 75||35||12||23|
|75 to 100||46||18||28|
|150 to 250||54||20||34|
|250 to 350||60||20||38|
|350 to 500||64||24||40|
|500 to 800||80||30||48|
|800 to 1000||84||30||50|
Material List for Shipping Crate (for Crate 60 inches long)
|2||1×6 T&G 10′ long||Doors||20 bd. ft.|
|4||1×6 10′ long||Floors and Siding|
|3||1×4 10′ long||Cross ties, top and bottom||10 bd. ft.|
|1||1×4 12′ long||4 bd. ft.|
|2||1×4 12′ long||16 bd. ft.|
|1 lb.||8d nails|
A convenient means for holding hogs for vaccination is almost essential on the hog farm today. The plan shown can be made very easily and cheaply and will save much labor and may save injury to the animals.
Material List for Vaccinating Trough
|1||2×12 8′||16 bd. ft.|
|1||2×4 12′||8 bd. ft.|
|1||1×4 4′||2 bd. ft.|
|1/2 lb.||16d nails|
A cheap and fairly efficient type of hog oiler can be made as shown. Grooves cut in the post will facilitate feeding the oil into the burlap. Frequent applications of oil will be necessary to make this effective.
Where hogs are frequently hauled by wagon or truck, a portable loading chute is a great convenience. By use of a suitable arrangement of pens and gates, hogs may be loaded with a minimum effort and with a small amount of loss from worrying the animals.
Such a structure must be well braced if it is to give long service.
Material List for Loading Chute
|2||2×4 16||Studs, braces, etc.||22 bd. ft.|
|1||2×4 14||Studs and braces||10 bd. ft.|
|2||2×8 16||Floor||44 bd. ft.|
|1||1×4 12||Braces||3 bd. ft|
|5||1×6 16||Sides||80 bd. ft.|
|1 lb.||16d spikes|
|1 lb.||8d common nails|
The type of ringing chute shown has been found to be very satisfactory in regard to its mechanical construction and has also been found to be a great labor saver on the farm. Some men who have not seen this chute used have felt that there would be difficulty in catching the animals to be run. If the stanchion is set with an opening just large enough for the hog to get his head through, he will try to escape and can be easily caught. No difficulty in catching the hogs has been encountered in using this chute.
Material List for Ringing Chute
|2||2×4 16||Studs and stanchions||22 bd. ft.|
|2||2×4 10||Cross ties||14 bd. ft.|
|1||1×6 14||Floor||7 bd. ft.|
|4||1×4 14||Sides||20 bd. ft.|
|1 lb.||8d common nails|
Frost Proof Drinking Fountain
The fountain shown in the cut can be placed so that the float chamber will not freeze. If the drinking trough is placed to face the south, little trouble will be encountered with freezing in this. A fountain like this built into the hog shed is very satisfactory.
Material List for Frost Proof Drinking Fountain
- 1/2 Yd. gravel
- 5 sacks cement
- 1/2 sack hydrated lime
- Float and check valve
It is often desirable to confine hogs in a field where there is no water. In hogging down corn or other crops, there is often no water available in the field. This movable waterer will meet the needs of such cases.
Material List for Movable Waterer
|1||4×4 10′ long||14 bd. ft.|
|1||2×12 12′ long||24 bd. ft.|
Concrete Hog Wallow
A hog wallow properly built and cared for is a necessity on a farm where fat hogs are being carried over through the hot weather of summer. The hog will stay in the water long enough to get cooled off and will seek a place in the shade. The evaporation of the water will keep him cool for quite a little time. No hogs have been lost from heat at the University Farm when hog wallows were available. Quite a number were lost annually before the installation of this equipment.
In hot weather plenty of water should be kept in the wallow. If this is done, hogs will not lay in it for any length of time and a wallow of the size shown will serve a larger number of hogs. A small amount of oil in the water, will keep the hogs from drinking it and will be of value in keeping them free from vermin.
If the wallow can be located in the shade of a tree, the roof can be omit- ted, but if shade is not available, the roof should be built as shown. Wherever possible surface drainage should be provided as shown. Underground drains will soon clog up and fail to work.
Material List for Concrete Hog Wallow
|11||sacks cement (mix 1 to 4)|
|2||2×6 10′||roof supports||20 bd. ft.|
|2||2×6 16′||roof supports||32 bd. ft.|
|1/2 lb.||16d spikes|
|8d common nails|
For separating hogs or driving them into wagons or pens, a herding gate carried in front of the driver furnishes a much more effective barrier than a pair of moving arms. The gate must be made as light and strong as possible. Cypress is an excellent wood for this kind of construction.
Material List for Herding Gate
|3||1×4 12′||Cypress or soft pine||12 bd. ft.|
|1/8 lb.||6d nails|