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Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PST

Plans for Hog Houses

by J.C. Wooley and R.L. Rickets
Ag. Exten. Circular 471 July 1942

Missouri Sunlit Hog House

Plans for Hog Houses

This is an east and west type of house lighted by windows in the south roof. Covers are made to place over windows at night to prevent excessive heat loss. A single stack ventilation system with distributed inlets provides ventilation. Floor may be of concrete or hollow tile. Pen partitions may be of wood or metal. This plan takes the place of the original Missouri sunlit house since many farmers had difficulty in building it.

Modified A Hog House

Plans for Hog Houses

This may be built in either a single or a double unit.

Combination Roof Hog House

Plans for Hog Houses

May be built single or double.

Nebraska Straw Loft Farrowing House

Plans for Hog Houses

This is a north and south type of house. Wall windows on the east, south and west furnish light. The straw loft furnishes insulation, provides a place for storing bedding and the straw so stored aids in controlling humidity. Pens are removable so that the house can be used as a feeding floor. A single stack ventilation system is satisfactory for this house.

Self Feeder for Hogs

Plans for Hog Houses

Hog Feeder

Plans for Hog Houses

Hog Trough

Plans for Hog Houses

A well made hog trough will save much valuable feed during the course of a season. The trough should be built from seasoned material and then given a good coating of creosote or tar before it is used. Ends may be left long to prevent trough being overturned.

Material List for Trough 12 feet long

1 2×8 16 Ends and narrow side 22 bd. ft.
1 2×10 12 Wide side 20 bd. ft.
1 2×2 16 Cross ties 5 1/2 bd. ft.
1 1?2 lbs. 16d spikes

Shipping Crate

Plans for Hog Houses
Plans for Hog Houses

It is often necessary for show or breeding purposes to ship individual hogs. If such shipments are made by freight or express a crate is essential. If a single hog is to be transported by truck the crate will be a great convenience and will enable the owner to transport an animal with minimum loss due to injury.

The ends of the crate are made to slide up so that the animal may be crated or driven from the crate without difficulty. For extra heavy hogs the corners should be bound with strap iron to give additional strength. Express companies require that the sides of the crate be tight at the bottom so that the animal cannot get his feet through when lying down and thus be injured.

Size of Crate to Build

Weight of Hog Length of Crate Width of Crate Height of Crate
25 to 75 35 12 23
75 to 100 46 18 28
150 to 250 54 20 34
250 to 350 60 20 38
350 to 500 64 24 40
500 to 800 80 30 48
800 to 1000 84 30 50

Material List for Shipping Crate (for Crate 60 inches long)

2 1×6 T&G 10′ long Doors 20 bd. ft.
4 1×6 10′ long Floors and Siding
3 1×4 10′ long Cross ties, top and bottom 10 bd. ft.
1 1×4 12′ long 4 bd. ft.
2 1×4 12′ long 16 bd. ft.
1 lb. 8d nails

Vaccinating Trough

Plans for Hog Houses

A convenient means for holding hogs for vaccination is almost essential on the hog farm today. The plan shown can be made very easily and cheaply and will save much labor and may save injury to the animals.

Material List for Vaccinating Trough

1 2×12 8′ 16 bd. ft.
1 2×4 12′ 8 bd. ft.
1 1×4 4′ 2 bd. ft.
1/2 lb. 16d nails

Rubbing Post

Plans for Hog Houses

A cheap and fairly efficient type of hog oiler can be made as shown. Grooves cut in the post will facilitate feeding the oil into the burlap. Frequent applications of oil will be necessary to make this effective.

Loading Chute

Plans for Hog Houses

Where hogs are frequently hauled by wagon or truck, a portable loading chute is a great convenience. By use of a suitable arrangement of pens and gates, hogs may be loaded with a minimum effort and with a small amount of loss from worrying the animals.

Such a structure must be well braced if it is to give long service.

Material List for Loading Chute

2 2×4 16 Studs, braces, etc. 22 bd. ft.
1 2×4 14 Studs and braces 10 bd. ft.
2 2×8 16 Floor 44 bd. ft.
1 1×4 12 Braces 3 bd. ft
5 1×6 16 Sides 80 bd. ft.
1 lb. 16d spikes
1 lb. 8d common nails

Ringing Chute

Plans for Hog Houses

Plans for Hog Houses

The type of ringing chute shown has been found to be very satisfactory in regard to its mechanical construction and has also been found to be a great labor saver on the farm. Some men who have not seen this chute used have felt that there would be difficulty in catching the animals to be run. If the stanchion is set with an opening just large enough for the hog to get his head through, he will try to escape and can be easily caught. No difficulty in catching the hogs has been encountered in using this chute.

Material List for Ringing Chute

2 2×4 16 Studs and stanchions 22 bd. ft.
2 2×4 10 Cross ties 14 bd. ft.
1 1×6 14 Floor 7 bd. ft.
4 1×4 14 Sides 20 bd. ft.
14 3/8″x5″ Carriage bolts
1 1/4″x4″ Carriage bolt
1 lb. 8d common nails

Frost Proof Drinking Fountain


The fountain shown in the cut can be placed so that the float chamber will not freeze. If the drinking trough is placed to face the south, little trouble will be encountered with freezing in this. A fountain like this built into the hog shed is very satisfactory.

Material List for Frost Proof Drinking Fountain

  • 1/2 Yd. gravel
  • 5 sacks cement
  • 1/2 sack hydrated lime
  • Float and check valve
  • Pipe
  • Reinforcement

Movable Waterer

Plans for Hog Houses

It is often desirable to confine hogs in a field where there is no water. In hogging down corn or other crops, there is often no water available in the field. This movable waterer will meet the needs of such cases.

Material List for Movable Waterer

1 4×4 10′ long 14 bd. ft.
1 2×12 12′ long 24 bd. ft.
1 oil barrel
1 patent waterer

Concrete Hog Wallow

Plans for Hog Houses

A hog wallow properly built and cared for is a necessity on a farm where fat hogs are being carried over through the hot weather of summer. The hog will stay in the water long enough to get cooled off and will seek a place in the shade. The evaporation of the water will keep him cool for quite a little time. No hogs have been lost from heat at the University Farm when hog wallows were available. Quite a number were lost annually before the installation of this equipment.

In hot weather plenty of water should be kept in the wallow. If this is done, hogs will not lay in it for any length of time and a wallow of the size shown will serve a larger number of hogs. A small amount of oil in the water, will keep the hogs from drinking it and will be of value in keeping them free from vermin.

If the wallow can be located in the shade of a tree, the roof can be omit- ted, but if shade is not available, the roof should be built as shown. Wherever possible surface drainage should be provided as shown. Underground drains will soon clog up and fail to work.

Material List for Concrete Hog Wallow

2 lbs.

11 sacks cement (mix 1 to 4)
2 yards gravel
10 steel posts
2 2×6 10′ roof supports 20 bd. ft.
2 2×6 16′ roof supports 32 bd. ft.
Boxing 16′ lengths
10 3/8″x8″ U-bolts
1/2 lb. 16d spikes
8d common nails
1/4 gal. paint

Herding Gate

Plans for Hog Houses

For separating hogs or driving them into wagons or pens, a herding gate carried in front of the driver furnishes a much more effective barrier than a pair of moving arms. The gate must be made as light and strong as possible. Cypress is an excellent wood for this kind of construction.

Material List for Herding Gate

3 1×4 12′ Cypress or soft pine 12 bd. ft.
1/8 lb. 6d nails

Salt Feeders

Plans for Hog Houses

Plans for Hog Houses

Plans for Hog Houses

Spotlight On: Equipment & Facilities

Fjordworks Horse Powered Potatoes Part 2

Fjordworks: Horse Powered Potatoes Part Two

These types of team implements for digging potatoes were the first big innovation in horse powered potato harvesting in the mid-19th century. Prior to the horse drawn digger the limitation on how many potatoes a farmer could plant was how many the farm crew could dig by hand. The basic design of these early diggers works so well that new models of this type of digger are once again being manufactured by contemporary horse drawn equipment suppliers.

McD Lime Spreader

Parts lists and illustrations are included in this comprehensive overview

The Cutting Edge

The Cutting Edge

from issue:

In the morning we awoke to a three quarters of a mile long swath of old growth mixed conifer and aspen trees, uprooted and strewn everywhere we looked. We hadn’t moved here to become loggers, but it looked like God had other plans! We had chosen to become caretakers of this beautiful place because of the peace and quiet, the clean air, the myriad of birds and wildlife! Thus, we were presented with a challenge: how to clean up this blowdown in a clean, sustainable way.

Portable A-Frame

Portable A-Frame

from issue:

These portable A-frames can be used for lots of lifting projects. Decades ago, when I was horselogging on the coast I used something similar to this to load my short logger truck. Great homemade tool.

400 Hen Laying House

400-Hen Laying House

by: ,
from issue:

One of the hardest problems in successful poultry keeping is to maintain the vigor and health of the flock. Housing has particular bearing on this problem. If the laying-house is poorly lighted, has insufficient ventilation, or is overcrowded, the health of the fowls will be affected. The purpose of housing is to increase productiveness. In order to accomplish this the fowls must be comfortable.

Multi-Purpose Tool Carrier Equi Idea Multi-V

Multi-Purpose Tool Carrier: EQUI IDEA Multi-V

Building on the experiences with a tool carrier named Multi, consisting of a reversible plow interchangeable with a 5-tine cultivator, the Italian horse drawn equipment manufacturer EQUI IDEA launched in 2012 a new multi-purpose tool carrier named Multi-V. The “V” in its name refers to the first field of use, organic vineyards of Northern Italy. Later on, by designing more tools, other applications were successfully added, such as vegetable gardens and tree nurseries.

The New Idea No5 Transplanter

The NEW IDEA No. 5 Transplanter

from issue:

The planting distances or intervals at which the water is released, is controlled by the gear and pinions under the shield near the driver’s right foot. The large, flat-faced gear should be so turned that the arrow on the back points straight up. The numbers on either side of the arrow will then be so arranged that the number 1, 2, 3 and 4 will be on the side of the water trip lever and will denote the various positions in which the Driven Pinion meshes with the gear.

Blacksmith Forge Styles

Blacksmith Forge Styles

from issue:

Blacksmith Forge Styles circa 1920.

The Milk and Human Kindness Stanchion Floor

The Milk and Human Kindness: Plans for an Old Style Wooden Stanchion Floor

from issue:

The basic needs that we are addressing here are as follows: To create a sunny, airy (not drafty), dry, convenient, accessible place to bring in our cow or cows, with or without calves, to be comfortably and easily secured for milking and other purposes such as vet checks, AI breeding, etc. where both you and your cow feel secure and content. A place that is functional, clean, warm and inviting in every way.

John Deere Portable Bridge-Trussed Grain Elevator

John Deere Portable Bridge-Trussed Grain Elevator

from issue:

When bolting the sections of elevator together be sure the upper trough ends overlap the upper trough ahead, and each lower trough is underneath the trough ahead, so the chains will slide smoothly. Bolt the short tie plates to the underside of troughs at the embossed holes in the middle of trough. When bolting on the head section, have the end of scroll sheet underneath the upper trough section. The lower cross plate in the head section must bolt on top of the return trough.

Haying With Horses

Haying With Horses

If the reader is considering the construction of a barn we encourage you to give more than passing thought to allowing the structure of the gable to be open enough to accommodate the hanging of a trolley track. It is difficult or impossible to retrofit a truss-built barn, which may have many supports crisscrossing the inside gable, to receive hay jags. At least allowing for the option in a new construction design will leave the option for loose hay systems in the future.

Cockshutt Plow Found in Alberta

Cockshutt Plow Found in Alberta!

Dale Befus introduced me to a plow I had not set eyes on before, most unusual affair though Dale assures me not uncommon in Alberta, this implement is a beam-hung riding plow (wheels hang from the beam) as versus the frame-hung units (where the beam hangs under the wheel-supported frame).

Fjordworks Cultural Evolution Part 2

Fjordworks: Cultural Evolution Part 2

For more than ten years we cultivated our market garden with the walk-behind cultivator. This past season we made the transition to the riding cultivator. I really enjoyed using this amazing implement. Our current team of Fjords are now mature animals (14 & 18 years old) and have been working together for 11 years, so they were certainly ready to work quietly and walk slowly enough to be effective with this precision tool.

Living With Horses

Living With Horses

from issue:

The French breed of Ardennes is closer to what the breed has been in the past. The Ardennes has always been a stockier type of horse, rude as its environment. Today the breed has dramatically changed into a real heavy horse. If the Ardennes had an average weight between 550 and 700kg in the first part of the last century, the balance shows today 1000kg and more. Thus the difference between the Ardennes and their “big” sisters, the Brabants in Belgium, or the Trait du Nord in France, has gone.

Permanent Corncribs

A short piece on the construction of corncribs.

Ask A Teamster Perfect Hitching Tension

Ask A Teamster: Perfect Hitching Tension

In my experience, determining how tight, or loose, to hook the traces when hitching a team can be a bit challenging for beginners. This is because a number of interdependent dynamics and variables between the pulling system and the holdback system must be considered, and because it’s ultimately a judgment call rather than a simple measurement or clear cut rule.

Farm Drum 25 Two-Way Plow

Farm Drum #25: Two-Way Plow


Lynn Miller and Ed Joseph discuss the merits of the two-way plow, what to look for when considering purchase, and a little bit of the history of this unique IH / P&O model.

Small Farmer's Journal

Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT