Rotary Hoes vs Cultimulchers
Rotary Hoes vs Cultimulchers
Some years ago I was involved in discussions at Horse Progress Days about the new cultimulchers that several companies were making. One old farmer, almost as old as I, said those weren’t cultimulchers. His dad had used a Moline ‘cultimulcher’ and it looked nothing like these (see above). While it is true that Moline made a tool called a rotary hoe which they said cultivated while making a surface mulch, is it the same? Well here, straight from their original catalog, we offer Moline’s candidate. You decide. LRM
The rotary hoe is a tool for cultivation of small corn, to break a crust, create a surface mulch and destroy weed seedlings. The hoe wheels thoroughly aerate the soil and cultivate closely which promotes the rapid growth of the young corn, or other crops, because it gives an opportunity to develop a healthy root growth right from the start. Weed seedlings are dislodged and exposed to the hot sun, thus being destroyed. The rotary hoe makes possible successful blind cultivation of corn where the soil is inclined to pack after a rain. It also provides the only satisfactory method of cultivation of crops drilled solid, such as soy beans, or peas; and is suitable for renovating alfalfa and clover.
This machine is not intended to replace shovel cultivators but is a valuable supplement for early cultivations, because it permits earlier and closer cultivation than is otherwise possible. The hoe wheels do not injure the corn but pulverize the crust and dislodge weeds without disturbing the more deeply seeded plants.
The Moline Rotary Hoe cultivates to a width of 84 in. or two rows. It is provided with either two-horse hitch, or a three-horse two-pole hitch with spacing to prevent the horses tramping on the rows. This arrangement allows the gangs to cultivate to the middle of the two outside rows, as in the case of a two-row shovel cultivator.
With the Moline Rotary Hoe, it is possible to do a most thorough job of cultivating. The front gangs consist of 16 wheels; the rear gangs have 15 wheels which run between the front wheels pulverizing the centers. All together there are 31 wheels of 21 in. diameter and each having 16 points or fingers. These fingers are correctly shaped to pierce the soil and pulverize the crust without dragging effect or injury to the plants.
An important feature is the arrangement of the hoe wheels on the gang bolts. They are locked together in sections of four on both front and rear gangs by an ingenious design of the hubs. In this arrangement the wheels shed trash better than when mounted individually because the combined turning power of each section serves to clean individual wheels and thus avoids clogging. It is also a decided advantage when turning at the end of rows to have the hoe wheels in sections rather than all locked together on the axle for the sections make it easier to turn short and thus avoids any tendency to injure the crop.
Since the gauge wheels on this rotary hoe are placed at the end of frame, instead of behind, it is flexible enough to follow the contour of the field and penetrate uniformly regardless of variations, such as gullies. The gauge wheels are set close to the frame, thus providing ample row clearance for narrow rows.
On the Moline Rotary Hoe the hitch is attached to the frame directly in line of draft, and therefore is low enough to eliminate excessive neckweight on team. For this reason it is not necessary to use a tongue truck. Adjustment of the pole for height of team does not change the height of hitch.