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Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
800-876-2893
541-549-2064
agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada
Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

The log remains centered on the bunk in a turn plus the rear wheels hinge to avoid binding against log. This interaction reduces chance of upset in sharp turns.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

by Dann Harris of Hanover, ON

The problem horseloggers face is reducing skidding friction yet maintaining enough friction for holdback on steep skids. The cart had to be as simple and maneuverable as the basic two wheel log arch which dangles logs on chokers. These carts seem to have a high point of draft, high center of gravity and tongue slop that can be counter productive while only providing enough lift to reduce friction marginally. We wanted it to be light, low, with no tongue weight, no lift motor to maintain, no arch to jam up and throw the teamster in a turn, and a low center of draft.

The sled design has been around for centuries — pretty hard to improve on using the front bunks of a sleigh to elevate the butt ends but how does one load it? Just putting a longer handle on my cant hook didn’t seem practical. The sled needed clearance for stumps and rocks and to avoid “bulldozing” in certain snow conditions. The cart and sled we built use similar loading, skidding, and unloading principles and can be used to move tree length logs from the stump or log length after they have been ground skid and bunched at the trail.

A log is lifted with a hand pumped hydraulic jack; log tongs attached to the boom raise and pull the log up and over the roller bunk.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Here George is using hand operated jack to raise and pull log over bank. Tongs are used for lifting only — log is chokered to skid it.

The jack is released and a chain chokers the log through a ring on the frame that keeps the log centered in turns, and on sidehills, and attaches to a quick release at a point close to the line of draft. Both units can accommodate more than one log; both have adjustable mast and boom to match the force of the lift with the size of the log. Neither unit is intended for skidding with logs hanging from boom.

At the landing or yarding area the chokers are released, the horses walk forward and the logs roll off the bunk.

The cart can be narrowed to 60″ overall or widened for multiple logs by moving spacers; the cart can roll into a pickup for transport.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Jack, our Percheron gelding, is on the Haw side; Sandy, our Belgian gelding is on the Gee side. The seat provides a leaning and brace stance more than a sitting position.

The walking beams add fore and aft stability over the 2-wheel carts, plus the “walking” action smooths the ride as well as the draft on the horses collars. A third walking beam mounts across the front of the cart – this allows the complete weight of cart and log to be carried on the wheels, not on the horses’ necks since the tongue is vertically hinged. The walking beams are hinged to prevent logs from binding in turns but have locks to lock after logs are dropped at landing so cart can be backed as easily as a 2-wheel cart.

The cart has a Scandinavian sling-style seat which gives more stability to the teamster than the conventional implement seat because the teamsters’ legs are fully extended and locked. The frame has 15″ of clearance and the tongue is removable with one pin to switch to an offset tongue for three abreast.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

The walking beams are hinged but are locked rigid for backing.

The sled operates similar to the cart. It has 12″ of clearance and unbolts for transport. To keep tongue weight to a minimum, cable is used to strengthen it for turning under load.

This is the present state of development of the two units, although we want to develop the cart further. One hub is machined to accept a sprocket to drive a hydraulic pump. Plan is to mount a hydraulic accumulator, cylinder and hydraulic log grapple. With this the choker chains would be eliminated, the cart would be heavier, more expensive but eliminate the breaks the horses get while the teamster hoists the logs up with the present low-tech hand pump although the teamster could lower, then raise a log going over uneven ground to make the cart even more stable.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

A walking beam across the front of the cart carry the weight of cart and logs to ground through struts at either end (not onto horses’ necks through tongue). Overall width is adjustable 60″-66″ with two bolts and spacers on ends of bunk axle.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

The mast and boom are three-way adjustable, as well as hoist and tong chain to accommodate variable size logs and situations. The box behind platform carry choker chains.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

The wagon style tongue can be replaced with an offset one for three horses. The doubletrees are attached to the cart along the line of draft – the tongue is attached low to avoid upset during extreme backing.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Sled version.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Logs are chokered through frame ring and then to quick release on tongue – two on top, two on bottom to equalize the draft.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Jack and Sandy, plus George have moved four hard maple logs, cut log length averaging 14″ on butt ends. Logs are first ground skid to trail in woodlot and bunched, then the horses are hitched to sled to move the bunches to yarding area.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

The sled has 2″ to 3″ of “walk” in the runners. Logs can be hoisted over bunk ends after the first log is loaded for stability.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Removable stakes on bunk ends are not necessary because chokers self align and center logs on roller bunk by passing through ring on frame. The hand pumped hoist is an 8 ton jack common in auto shops. A seat has since been added to the boom. Cables strengthen tongue without adding weight.

Two Log Cart Designs from Canada

Note to editor – Lynn, this picture was taken by my wife Mary Jean, enclosed unbeknownst to her. I know it’s not centered and it’s too dark and all that jazz but the facial expressions do parallel the human condition. Lass, on the left is our first Suffolk Punch mare, 4 years old, and Moses is our first Suffolk stallion, 3 years old. She has since foaled, giving us the start of a Suffolk herd.

Spotlight On: How-To & Plans

Farm Drum #30 Blacksmithing we Pete Cecil Basic Techniques

Farm Drum #30: Blacksmithing with Pete Cecil – Basic Techniques

Pete Cecil demonstrates basic blacksmithing techniques through crafting a hook in the forge.

Horseshoeing Part 2B

Horseshoeing Part 2B

If we observe horses moving unrestrained over level ground, we will notice differences in the carriage of the feet. Many deviations in the line of flight of hoofs and in the manner in which they are set to the ground occur; for example, horses heavily burdened or pulling heavy loads, and, therefore, not having free use of their limbs, project their limbs irregularly and meet the ground first with the toe; however, careful observation will detect the presence of one or the other of these lines of flight of the foot.

Moving Bees

Moving Bees

by:
from issue:

Moving beehives from one location to another is often a necessary step in apiary management. Commercial beekeepers routinely move large numbers of hives often during a season, to pollinate crops, avoid pesticide applications or to utilize specific honey flows. Beekeeping hobbyists may also move bees to distant honey flows or pollination sites, or to bring home a newly purchased hive.

Horseshoeing Part 1A

Horseshoeing Part 1A

Horseshoeing, though apparently simple, involves many difficulties, owing to the fact that the hoof is not an unchanging body, but varies much with respect to form, growth, quality, and elasticity. Furthermore, there are such great differences in the character of ground-surfaces and in the nature of horses’ work that shoeing which is not performed with great ability and care induces disease and makes horses lame.

The Anatomy of Thrift: Harvest Day

On the Anatomy of Thrift Part 2: Harvest Day

On the Anatomy of Thrift is an instructional series Farmrun created with Farmstead Meatsmith. Their principal intention is instruction in the matters of traditional pork processing. In a broader and more honest context, OAT is a deeply philosophical manifesto on the subject of eating animals. Harvest Day is the second in the series, which explores the ‘cheer’ that is prepared on the day of slaughter, and dives deep into the philosophy and psychology of our relationship to animals.

Work Horse Handbook

Grooming Work Horses

The serviceability of the work horse may be increased or decreased according to the care which is bestowed upon him. If he is groomed in a perfunctory fashion his efficiency as an animal motor is lessened. On the other hand, if he is well groomed he is snappier and fresher in appearance and is constantly up on the bit.

A Pony-Powered Garden Cart

A Pony-Powered Garden Cart

by:
from issue:

One of the challenges I constantly face using draft ponies is finding appropriately sized equipment. Mya is a Shetland-Welsh cross, standing at 11.2 hands. Most manure spreaders are big and heavy and require a team of horses. I needed something small and light and preferably wheeled to minimize impact to the land. My husband and I looked around our budding small farm for something light, wheeled, cheap, and available, and we quickly noticed our Vermont-style garden cart.

Pulling A Load With Oxen

an excerpt from Oxen: A Teamster’s Guide

Eggs & Their Care

Eggs & Their Care

from issue:

Egg quality is the combined elements of an egg which increase the market value to the producer, the keeping qualities to the distributors, and the nutritive and eye-appeal value to the consumer.

Barn Raising

Barn Raising

by:
from issue:

Here it was like a beehive with too many fuzzy cheeked teen-agers who couldn’t possibly be experienced enough to be of much help. But work was being accomplished; bents, end walls and partitions were being assembled like magic and raised into place with well-coordinated, effortless ease and precision. No tempers were flaring, no egomaniacs were trying to steal the show, and there was not the usual ten percent doing ninety percent of the work.

Harvesting Rainwater

Harvesting Rainwater

by:
from issue:

Collecting rainwater for use during dry months is an ancient practice that has never lost its value. Today, simple water collection systems made from recycled food barrels can mean a free source of non-potable water for plants, gardens, bird baths, and many other uses. Rainwater is ideal for all plants because it doesn’t contain dissolved minerals or added chemicals. One inch of rain falling on a 1,000 square foot roof yields approximately 600 gallons of water.

Haying With Horses

Hitching Horses To A Mower

When hitching to the mower, first make sure it’s on level ground and out of gear. The cutter bar should be fastened up in the vertical or carrier position. This is for safety of all people in attendance during hitching.

Blacksmithing

Blacksmithing

from issue:

Modern farm machinery is largely of iron and steel construction, making an equipment of metal working tools necessary if satisfactory repairs are to be made. Forging operations consist of bending, upsetting, drawing out, welding, punching, drilling, riveting, thread-cutting, hardening, tempering, and annealing. Heat makes iron soft and ductile. Practically all forging operations on iron can be done more rapidly when it is at a high heat. Steel will not stand as high a temperature.

Barn Door Plans

Barn Door Plans

Good barn doors, ones that will last a lifetime of opening, sliding and swinging in the wind, require careful design and construction. In 1946 the Starline Co., a barn building firm from the midwestern US, compiled a book of barn plans. These two diagrams were in that book and presented excellent information.

Blacksmithing with Pete Cecil Building a Fire

Farm Drum #29: Blacksmithing with Pete Cecil – Building a Fire

Lynn Miller & Pete Cecil talk about Blacksmithing basics, and Pete demonstrates building a fire in the forge.

Book Review Butchering

Two New Butchering Volumes

Danforth’s BUTCHERING is an unqualified MASTERPIECE! One which actually gives me hope for the furtherance of human kind and the ripening of good farming everywhere because, in no small part, of this young author’s sensitive comprehension of the modern disconnect with food, feeding ourselves, and farming.

Collar Hames and Harness Fitting

Collars, Hames and Harness Fitting

Farmers who are good horsemen know everything that is presented here: yet even they will welcome this leaflet because it will refresh their memories and make easier their task when they have to show hired men or boys how to adjust equipment properly. Good horsemen know from long experience that sore necks or sore shoulders on work stock are due to ignorance or carelessness of men in charge, and are inexcusable.

Small Farmer's Journal

Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
800-876-2893
541-549-2064
agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT