Weights & Measures
2 Pints = 1 Quart
8 Quarts = 1 Peck
4 Pecks = 1 Bushel
36 Bushels = 1 Chaldron
2,150.42 Cubic In. = 1 Standard Bushel
1 Cubic Foot = App. 4/5 Bushel
BEST SIZE FOR SILOS
The average silo is about 12 feet in diameter and 32 feet high. A silo 12 feet by 32 feet will hold about 75 tons of silage – 34 feet high about 80 tons – 36 feet high about 87 tons – 38 feet high about 94 tons – 40 feet high about 101 tons. It is better to build two small silos than one large one.
TO MEASURE EAR CORN IN CRIB
Determine the number of cubic feet and multiply by 4: then divide by 10. Most corn in cribs is figured by this rule. However, if the cobs are well filled and corn sound and dry, divide by 9. If cobs are not well filled or if corn is damp, divide by 11.
TO MEASURE CORN IN BINS
To find the number of bushels of grain in a bin, multiply length by the width by the height, thus ascertaining the number of cubic feet and deduct one-fifth. For instance, a bin containing 10 cubic feet will hold 8 bushels of grain, 8 being the four-fifths of 10.
CAPACITY OF BOXES, BINS, ETC.
A box four feet eight inches long, by two feet four inches wide and two feet four inches deep will contain twenty bushels.
A box twenty-four inches long by sixteen inches wide and twenty-eight inches deep will contain a barrel.
A box twenty-six inches long and fifteen and one-half inches wide by eight inches deep will hold a bushel.
A box twelve inches long by eleven and one-half inches wide and nine inches deep will contain a half-bushel.
TO ESTIMATE NUMBER OF TONS OF HAY
In Square or Oblong Stacks
Multiply the length in feet by the width in feet and this figure by one-half the height. Divide the result by 300.
In Round Stacks
Square the distance around the stack in yards. Multiply this by 4 times the height in yards. Point off two places from the right and divide the remainder by 20.
Field & Garden Seeing per Acre
|Beans, Pole||3 Gallons|
|Beans, Dwarf||1-1/2 Bushels|
|Celery||1-1/2 oz. per 1000 Plants|
|Cabbage||1/2 oz. per 1000 Plants|
|Cow Peas||2 Bushels|
|Cauliflower||1 oz. per 1000 Plants|
|Melon, Musk||3 Pounds|
|Melon, Water||5 Pounds|
|Onion, seed for sets||30 Pounds|
|Orchard Grass||30 Pounds|
|Potatoes, cut tubers||8 Bushels|
Grain & Produce: Pounds per Bushel
|Commodity||Pounds per Bushel|
|Apples, Dried||26 lbs|
|Beans, White||60 lbs|
|Corn Meal||50 lbs|
|Corn or Rye||56 lbs|
|Corn, in ear||70 lbs|
|Clover Seed||60 lbs|
|Flax Seed||56 lbs|
|Sweet Potato||55 lbs|
|Peaches, Dried||33 lbs|
|Timothy Seed||45 lbs|
The legal weights in some states differ from above but in business such variations are usually disregarded.
Handy Farm Anvil
Measure of Surface
144 Square Inches = 1 Square Foot
9 Square Feet = 1 Square Yard
30-1/4 Square Yards = 1 Square Rod
40 Square Rods = 1 Square Root
4 Square Roots = 1 Acre
640 Acres = 1 Square Mile
272-1/4 Square Feet = 1 Square Rod
43,560 Square Feet = 1 Acre
200 Pounds Flour = 1 Barrel
200 Pounds Beef or Pork = 1 Barrel
135 Pounds Potatoes = 1 Barrel
135 Pounds Apples = 1 Barrel
280 Pounds Salt = 1 Barrel
350 Pounds Sugar = 1 Barrel
100 Pounds Nails = 1 Keg
1 Gallon Water = 8 1/3 Pounds
1 Gallon Milk = 8-3/5 Pounds
1 Gallon Kerosene = 6-1/2 Pounds
1 Cubic Foot Water = 62-1/2 Pounds
Sack Filler Funnel
Tool Box for Quick Repairs
U.S. Government Land Measure
A township: 36 sections – each one mile square.
A section: 640 acres.
A quarter section: 1/2 mile square – 160 acres.
An eighth section: 1/2 mile long, north and south and 1/4 mile wide – 80 acres.
A sixteenth section: 1/4 mile square – 40 acres.