Small Farmer's Journal

Facebook  YouTube

Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
800-876-2893
541-549-2064
agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT

Weights & Measures

Dry Measure

2 Pints = 1 Quart

8 Quarts = 1 Peck

4 Pecks = 1 Bushel

36 Bushels = 1 Chaldron

2,150.42 Cubic In. = 1 Standard Bushel

1 Cubic Foot = App. 4/5 Bushel

Easy Estimates

BEST SIZE FOR SILOS

The average silo is about 12 feet in diameter and 32 feet high. A silo 12 feet by 32 feet will hold about 75 tons of silage – 34 feet high about 80 tons – 36 feet high about 87 tons – 38 feet high about 94 tons – 40 feet high about 101 tons. It is better to build two small silos than one large one.

TO MEASURE EAR CORN IN CRIB

Determine the number of cubic feet and multiply by 4: then divide by 10. Most corn in cribs is figured by this rule. However, if the cobs are well filled and corn sound and dry, divide by 9. If cobs are not well filled or if corn is damp, divide by 11.

TO MEASURE CORN IN BINS

To find the number of bushels of grain in a bin, multiply length by the width by the height, thus ascertaining the number of cubic feet and deduct one-fifth. For instance, a bin containing 10 cubic feet will hold 8 bushels of grain, 8 being the four-fifths of 10.

CAPACITY OF BOXES, BINS, ETC.

A box four feet eight inches long, by two feet four inches wide and two feet four inches deep will contain twenty bushels.

A box twenty-four inches long by sixteen inches wide and twenty-eight inches deep will contain a barrel.

A box twenty-six inches long and fifteen and one-half inches wide by eight inches deep will hold a bushel.

A box twelve inches long by eleven and one-half inches wide and nine inches deep will contain a half-bushel.

TO ESTIMATE NUMBER OF TONS OF HAY

In Square or Oblong Stacks

Multiply the length in feet by the width in feet and this figure by one-half the height. Divide the result by 300.

In Round Stacks

Square the distance around the stack in yards. Multiply this by 4 times the height in yards. Point off two places from the right and divide the remainder by 20.

Field & Garden Seeing per Acre

Seed per Acre
Asparagus 5 Pounds
Beets 6 Pounds
Buckwheat 1 Bushel
Beans, Pole 3 Gallons
Beans, Dwarf 1-1/2 Bushels
Corn 2-1/2 Bushels
Celery 1-1/2 oz. per 1000 Plants
Clover 16 Pounds
Carrots 4 Pounds
Cabbage 1/2 oz. per 1000 Plants
Cow Peas 2 Bushels
Cucumbers 2 Pounds
Cauliflower 1 oz. per 1000 Plants
Lettuce 1-1/2 Ounces
Mustard 1/2 Bushel
Melon, Musk 3 Pounds
Melon, Water 5 Pounds
Onions 6 Pounds
Onion, seed for sets 30 Pounds
Orchard Grass 30 Pounds
Peas 2 Bushels
Parsnips 6 Pounds
Pumpkins 5 Pounds
Potatoes, cut tubers 8 Bushels
Rye 1-1/2 Bushels
Radish 10 Pounds
Sage 10 Pounds
Squash 5 Pounds
Spinach 12 Pounds
Turnips 2 Pounds
Tomatoes 4 Ounces
Vetch 1 Bushel

Grain & Produce: Pounds per Bushel

Commodity Pounds per Bushel
Apples, Dried 26 lbs
Bran 20 lbs
Barley 48 lbs
Buckwheat 52 lbs
Beans, White 60 lbs
Corn Meal 50 lbs
Corn or Rye 56 lbs
Corn, in ear 70 lbs
Clover Seed 60 lbs
Flax Seed 56 lbs
Millet 56 lbs
Oats 32 lbs
Onions 57 lbs
Peas 60 lbs
Potato 60 lbs
Sweet Potato 55 lbs
Peaches, Dried 33 lbs
Turnips 55 lbs
Timothy Seed 45 lbs
Wheat 60 lbs

The legal weights in some states differ from above but in business such variations are usually disregarded.

Handy Farm Anvil

Handy Farm Anvil

Incubation Periods

Chickens 21 Days
Ducks 30 Days
Geese 30 Days
Guineas 28 Days
Pigeons 21 Days
Pheasants 25 Days
Turkeys 28 Days

Measure of Surface

144 Square Inches = 1 Square Foot

9 Square Feet = 1 Square Yard

30-1/4 Square Yards = 1 Square Rod

40 Square Rods = 1 Square Root

4 Square Roots = 1 Acre

640 Acres = 1 Square Mile

272-1/4 Square Feet = 1 Square Rod

43,560 Square Feet = 1 Acre

Miscellaneous Data

200 Pounds Flour = 1 Barrel

200 Pounds Beef or Pork = 1 Barrel

135 Pounds Potatoes = 1 Barrel

135 Pounds Apples = 1 Barrel

280 Pounds Salt = 1 Barrel

350 Pounds Sugar = 1 Barrel

100 Pounds Nails = 1 Keg

1 Gallon Water = 8 1/3 Pounds

1 Gallon Milk = 8-3/5 Pounds

1 Gallon Kerosene = 6-1/2 Pounds

1 Cubic Foot Water = 62-1/2 Pounds

Open-Top Sawhorse

Open-Top Saw Horse

Sack Filler Funnel

Sack Filler Funnel

Tool Box for Quick Repairs

Tool Box for Quick Repairs

U.S. Government Land Measure

A township: 36 sections – each one mile square.

A section: 640 acres.

A quarter section: 1/2 mile square – 160 acres.

An eighth section: 1/2 mile long, north and south and 1/4 mile wide – 80 acres.

A sixteenth section: 1/4 mile square – 40 acres.

Small Farmer's Journal

Small Farmer's Journal
PO Box 1627
Sisters, Oregon 97759
800-876-2893
541-549-2064
agrarian@smallfarmersjournal.com
Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT